Exemplar Grids: Early Language and Literacy

From COGAIN: Communication by Gaze Interaction (hosted by the COGAIN Association)
Jump to navigationJump to search

Go back to the main index page of Exemplars Grids


Early Language and Literacy

These exemplar grids aim to:

  1. Encourage interaction, play and fun.
  2. Make turning the page of a book easier.


Books

Picture of the Example of a story book1

How does the grid work?

This is an example of how to make a children’s book accessible for a child using a computer. There are 3 cells across and 3 cells down. Use the child’s favourite book and scan the pages/pictures. Then put the pictures in a grid set. With the arrows, the child can turn the pages back and forth. With the "mouth"-symbol the page is read out loud and the "silent" symbol stops the reading. It is recommended to use recorded speech which makes the story more interesting for the child. Note: there is no action in the cell with the picture, so that the child can look at the pictures while listening to the story.

Here is another way to present a story:

Picture of the Example of a story book2

This is another idea for an enjoyable way to introduce someone to eye control. This story book has been set up so that the person can turn the page just by looking at it. The page contains two inactive cells and one active one. On the top screen, for example, when the person looks at the green ' Turn Page' cell, the grid changes to show a new page. However, the cell of text, like the cell with the picture on it are 'non-active' cells. In other words, while the person is reading the page or looking at a picture, nothing happens. It is only when the person deliberately looks at the 'Turn Page' cell, an 'active cell‘, that something happens.Due to copyright reasons, we cannot distribute the grids above(the images and the books we used are copyrighted).

However, thanks to Scope and www.childreninthepicture.org.uk, we have been given permission from author Margaret Stewart (2006) and illustrator Kathryn Wilson (2006) to use 'Declan and the Donkey' and also permission from author and illustrator Helen Thornhill (2006) to use 'Every Kid is Different'. As you can see, the format is very similar to those above. These are 2x2 story grids. However, select the small picture to hear the narration, the arrow to turn the page and to rest, look at both the text and the large pictures interspersed throughout.

Picture of Declan and the Donkey

Picture of Every Kid is Different

Download

To download a Grid 2 version of the story of Declan and the Donkey, click here File:TheGridStory-Declan and the Donkey 2x2.bdl (file size: 26.1 MB, the download may take a while).

To download a VS Communicator version of the story of Declan and the Donkey, click here File:Declan-and-the-Donkey.cdd (file size: 32.5 MB, the download may take a while).

To download a Grid 2 version of the story of Every Kid is Different, click here File:TheGridStory-Every Kid is Different 2x2.bdl (file size: 13 MB, the download may take a while).

To download a VS Communicator version of the story of Every Kid is Different, click here File:Every-Kid-is-Different.cdd (file size: 25.6 MB, the download may take a while).


Games: Old MacDonald

Picture of the Old MacDonald

How does the page-set work?

Children can participate in the Old MacDonald song using this simple grid and engage their peers.

Story: Max

Picture of Max.jpg

How does the page-set work?

This page set presents two stories which it reads through with the students help (by selecting the highlighted part of the story). When done, the student is asked to find characters and/ or information presented in the story.

This grid is very simple to implement following the description and the image of the grid.

Dice

Picture of Dice

How does the grid work?

This grid enables people with physical disabilities to throw a dice and thus actively and independently participate in games. For more ideas about games please see pages 14 - 16 of sample pagesets.

Games: Simon Says

Picture of Simple Simon Says

How does the grid work?

This is a grid with three cells across and 3 cells down, that has been adapted for the children’s game "Simon says". The child looks at the yellow cell and recorded or synthetic speech says: "Simon says then everybody must..." then the child chooses cell representing an activity, for instance "jump!" and everybody in the room plays along in the game. It’s important to make this a group activity where the child is in command.



Go back to the main index page of Exemplars Grids